Achilles tendonopathy is a common overuse injury that results from things like walking, running and jumping. Achilles tendonopathy often results in pain, scar tissue formation and degeneration of Achilles tendon. The Achilles tendon connects the plantaris, gastrocnemius and soleus muscles to the calcaneous. Risk factors for tendinopathy include overuse, abnormal calcaneal alignment, history of injury and obesity.
Low back injuries are the most common orthopedic injury secondary to the lifestyle of the typical American and the anatomy of the low back. Americans are prone to low back injuries because they typically do not exercise enough, are largely sedentary, have poor postural habits and use poor body mechanics when lifting. The anatomy of the low back is also part of the reason it is so vulnerable to injury. The lumbar spine has significantly less structural stability than the thoracic spine and sacrum while at the same time having support far more weight than the cervical spine.
Sciatica is a common injury that is caused by impingement of the sciatic nerve or nerve roots in the spine (L4-S3). People with sciatica often experience intense pain down the back of the affected lower extremity as well as numbness and weakness. Risk factors for sciatic injury are obesity, disc herniation, pregnancy, prolonged sitting or a recent increase in activity.
Ankle sprains are a common injury in young and old adults. In young adults the ankle sprain usually occurs when they jump or step on another persons foot. An ankle sprain can be an inversion or eversion sprain. The most common type of ankle sprain is an inversion sprain to the anterior talo-fibular ligament. In older adults ankle sprains usually occur when a person is walking on uneven surfaces. Risk factors for ankle sprains include previous ankle sprains, poor balance, agility sports, ankle abnormalities and forefoot abnormalities.
Are you experiencing heel pain that limits your ability to walk and stand?
It could be plantar fasciitis. Plantar fasciitis is the most common foot condition treated by medical providers and occurs in about 10% of the population over the course of a lifetime. The heel pain is usually felt with the initial steps in the morning or after prolonged inactivity. The risk factors for plantar fasciitis include...